Extinction of Animals

Humans are not always good at self-control, especially when things appear plentiful and delicious. While animals extinctions are always complicated, the extinction of species is traced back to contemporary human’s voracious appetites. To learn about some of the animals who have perished as a result of our mindless exploitation. Stay here and read the blog.

1. Dodo – Raphus cucullatus

As extinct as a dodo.Yep. These flightless, ground-nesting birds were previously plentiful on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius. Dodos were larger than turkeys, weighing around 23 kg (50 pounds), with blue-grey plumage and a large skull. The birds were unfazed by the Portuguese sailors who discovered them in 1507. They had no natural predators. The fleet swiftly annihilated by these and succeeding sailors. Monkeys, pigs, and rats later came to the island, and the mammals feasted on the languishing bird’s delicate eggs, resulting in animals extinction. In 1681, the last dodo killed violently. Unfortunately, there are very few scientific descriptions or museum specimens available.

 2. Steller’s Sea Cow – Hydrodamalis gigas

Steller’s sea cows were first discovered in 1741 by German naturalist Georg W. Steller in the near-shore portions of the Komandor Islands in the Bering Sea. Steller’s sea cows were far big than modern manatees and dugongs, reaching lengths of 9–10 meters (over 30 feet) and weighing approximately 10 tonnes (22,000 pounds). Floating at the surface of the coastal waters were these gigantic, peaceful creatures. This made them easy prey for Russian seal hunters’ harpoons, who valued them as a source of meat on long sea voyages. Because killing is often ineffective, the species wiped off in 1768, less than 30 years after its discovery. There are no preserved specimens today.

 3. Passenger Pigeon – Ectopistes migratorius

The passenger pigeon hunted to extinction in the early 1900s because of its large migrating flocks that would darken the sky for days. Hundreds of millions of these gregarious birds, which looked similar to mourning doves, previously roamed eastern North America. Passenger pigeons were slaughtered by the millions for their meat and shipped by boat as American settlers pushed westward. In a single mating season, hunters raided their nesting areas and wiped out entire colonies. Since 1870, the species decline has been rapid, and some unsuccessful attempts to breed the birds in captivity have been tried. On Sept. 1, 1914, Martha, the last known passenger pigeon, died in the Cincinnati Zoo in Ohio.

 4. Eurasian Aurochs – Bos primigenius

The Eurasian aurochs was a big, wild ox that formerly roamed the steppes of Europe, Siberia, and Central Asia, and was one of the ancestors of modern cattle. Eurasian aurochs, which stood 1.8 meters (6 feet) tall at the shoulder and had massive, forward-curving horns, noted for their aggressive personalities and fought for sport in ancient Roman theatres. Eurasian aurochs heavily hunted as game animals, and many areas across their range eventually became extinct. By the 13th century, numbers had plummeted to the point where only aristocrats and royal households in Eastern Europe had the privilege to hunt them. In 1564 a royal survey was held, in which gamekeepers reported only 38 animals, and the last known Eurasian aurochs, a female, died in 1564.

 5. Woolly Mammoth – Mammuthus primigenius

The woolly mammoth is the most well-known mammoth species. Because of a handful of well-preserved, frozen carcasses discovered in Siberia. After the last Ice Age ended 7,500 years ago, these enormous animals died out. While climate change, undoubtedly play a vital role in their extinction. The recent research suggests that humans have been a driving force, if not the sole cause, of animals extinction. Extensive hunting combined with the stresses of a warming climate is a dangerous mix, and even the powerful mammoth appears to have succumbed to the human appetite in a changing environment.

Conclusion

In recent years the loss of biodiversity has been declining at an alarming rate. Some mammalian, avian, reptile, and amphibian populations have declined at a fast pace. Also, freshwater species decreasing by 76% during the same period. Many scientists, however, are concerned about the organisms that supply the greatest natural capital or ecosystem services. People will be affected by the extinction of common species. We are not as reliant on rarer creatures because of their rarity, but we depend on them in a less visible sense. The most astonishing fact of this research is that we are discovering that it is not just about the number of species that go extinct, but also about the number of people in a population; this is the start of a major shift in our thinking.

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