Did you ever think about how are you able to read this sentence?
Well, not really, because the answer is very obvious, I learned to read in my school. But did you know how many people in India can do this?
Only 74.04 percent and just 68.91 percent of the rural population are literate. There are 234 countries in the world and unfortunately, India ranks at 168 in literacy rate.
Any person who is able to read and write is literate but unfortunately, many poor kids in India are underprivileged. They do not have access to this basic facility. A person could be rich or poor, belong to any background. no matter who is the person. Everybody has the right to education. The right to education is a human right.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 provides access to free and compulsory education to every child from 6-14 years. We all must help to try to educate poor and underprivileged children.
Benefits of educating poor underprivileged children
- Financial support
Only an educated person gets a good job. Education enhances a person’s knowledge and makes him/her a better candidate for the job. When there is an earning member in the family, that member supports his/her family financially. He can fulfill the basic needs of the family, and uplift the family in society.
- Improves social skills
We all must have interacted with many people. We might have liked some people’s way of communicating while might not have liked some people’s way. Education plays an important role in this. Primary education helps kids acquire skills to interact with friends, express themselves and talk to elders.
- Most powerful means for change
Little drops make the mighty ocean. Similarly, each person contributes towards change. Educating every individual of the country will bring positive change. By improving the literacy rate of the country and by increasing the country’s income the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country will improve.
- Imparts values
Any person with strong beliefs and principles is valued in society, given more respect, and heard by people. A child can learn life skills only by going to school. Having knowledge of what is right and what is wrong is very essential. Children can learn more values only by going to school.
- Decreases crime rate
Due to the unavailability of much better options, An uneducated child might choose the wrong means to earn a living. If one is equipped with the knowledge, one can choose the right path. One will know what will be better for him as well as the society.
4 Schemes launched by Indian government
- Mid-day meal scheme (MDMS)
In 1995 government of India launched the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education also known as the mid-day meal scheme. As per this scheme children of primary school would get free nutritious meals in schools.
The government of India launched this scheme to help educate poor underprivileged children of India. Later on, classes 6th to 8th were also included in this scheme. This scheme would increase the enrolment of kids in schools. Their attendance and nutrition level would also improve.
- National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL)
This scheme of government focuses on vulnerable girls. They could be in schools or out of schools. The aim of this scheme is to encourage teachers to pay special attention to such girls. Help them bring out of their vulnerability, and prevent them from dropping out of school.
- Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)
These are schools for SC, ST, OBC, and Muslim community girls. Girls might drop out of school due to long-distance and security issues. The schools are set up in residential areas to encourage girls to continue education.
- The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
This scheme was launched in 2009-10. It was implemented to bring equity among all, accelerate growth, and improve the quality of lives of children. Following are the objectives of the scheme.
- Raise the minimum level of compulsory education to class 10th.
- Reduce gender, religious or social gaps.
- Improve the quality of education.
- Provide in-service training to teachers.
- Add more classrooms like science laboratories, libraries, art rooms, and more.
- Provide repairs in school buildings.