In this blog, we will discuss the detailed analysis of the Current status of Education in India, Different Indian Education policies. What will be the steps that the government should take in order to improve the education system of the country?
This blog contains discuss the Indian Education System such as National Education Policies, Data of education according to Census 2011.
Educated people act as the backbone of the country’s development. One of the powerful instruments for any country should be Education because it reduces poverty in the country.
Education is the platform to enhance a country’s level in the global economy. Therefore, giving quality education to all is key to the success of the country’s development.
History of Indian Education Policy
Indian Education system started from the Gurukul. And students (shishya) went to their teachers(Guru) to learn different subjects. Like Indian Mathematics, Indian religion, Sanskrit, etc.
Apart from the theory knowledge Guru helped their students in learning practical things like :
- How to run a house,
- Lessons of life and nature.
Current Status of Indian Education System: Data from Census 2011:
The result of Census 2011 showed that there has been an increase in the rate of educated people in the country.
Literacy rate data of the country
- As per census literacy rate of India is : 74 % .
- Male literacy rate : 82.14 % , Female literacy rate: 65.46 %.
- Kerala maintains its ranking by being on top with 93.91%. The second is Lakshadweep (92.28 %) and Third is Mizoram (91.58 %).
- Bihar ranks last in the country because it has a literacy rate of (63.82 %). Second last is Arunachal Pradesh (66.95 %). And then Rajasthan (67.06 %).
- Adults, as well as youths Literacy rates, have increased. The number of illiterates people in India is more then India’s population at the time of independence.
Indian Education System
The Indian Education System: The Present Pyramidal Structure.
Let’s discuss the Present Pyramidal structure of the Indian Education system:
- Pre-primary level: Kindergarten is the pre-primary education in India. Kindergarten means “children’s garden”. Mr. Friedrich Frobel in 1837, created this term. Pre-primary education is necessary because it helps in the overall development of children. In pre-primary level children of the age group 3-5 years would take admission.
- Primary (elementary) level: This level has students which are of age group 5-12 years of age. Both Private and Government schools offer primary (elementary)level in India. Our constitution made Article21 A which contains the elementary level of education.
- Secondary level: This level consists of students which are of age group 13-15 years of age. Schools having High schools are those which provide education of 10th class.
- Senior Secondary Education: This level is for two years and include students which are of age between 16-18 years. At this level, students choose the course of their interest in which they want to make a career in future.
- Indira Gandhi Government in 1968 is the first policy. In 1968, on the basis of guidance of Kothari commission the first educational policy was released.
- This Indian Education policy was for every students irrespective of the caste , sex.
- In this policy children’s up to the age of 14 get education.
- Under this education policy the spending was increased. Because their motive is to provide better training to the teachers.
- In this policy they introduced the “Three Language Formula”: State governments should implement the study of a modern Indian language.
- Apart from Hindi and English, teach Hindi along with the regional language and in the non-Hindi speaking states English should be taught.
- Hindi is a common language that was uplift to promote the mother tongue of the country.
- This policy came under the Rajiv Gandhi government.
- The main motive of this policy is Removal of imbalance and make equal educational opportunity for everyone, especially for Indian women.
- Empowerment of women through education at different levels.
- Providing motivation to the poor families. Then they will send their children to schools at the age of 14.
- Hiring of teachers done from scheduled castes ,so that they can earn their living.
- In order to provide better training to the teachers, Government did enough arrangements.
- National education Policy 2020 ensures that all students have common Access of All Levels of schooling.
- Importance on promoting fluent Indian languages. The medium of instruction will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language.
- The current system is according to the ages (3-8), (8-11), (11-14), and (14-18) years respectively. A new structure is planned to be replaced by 10+2.
- Under Graduation education will consist of 3 or 4 years in which students have multiple exit options. And appropriate certification within this period.
- The Centre Government and the State Governments will join hands. They increase the public investment in the Education sector, to reach 6% of GDP as soon as possible.
Education is the basic thing that every student should get. So that they can live their life on one’s own.
We should cover the fault of our education system. And give up on the traditional ways and increase the quality of teaching so that the youth will help us to create a better future.
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”- Nelson Mandela
However the people of India start educating themselves and their children. Then only the literacy rate from 2011 to 2020 increased to 77.7%. So by the time there is a huge change in the education system.
And there could be more change to the education status of India if the government invests more in the educational sector by:
- Running awareness campaigns
- Motivating the rural area to send their children for studies
These measures will contribute to the development of the country.
“The roots of Education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.- Aristotle”