The impact of human actions on the environment is increasing continuously. Our reckless actions have done a lot of damage to nature. Many habitats have already been destroyed, many animal and plant species have become extinct, and many more are already on the verge of extinction. However, the saddest thing is that even we don’t know how and the extent to which our actions are damaging nature. 

Here, we will discuss various issues which are caused by human actions. 

Climate change

Most of our activities contribute to climate change in some way or another. Its effects are widespread: deforestation, decreasing groundwater levels, droughts, floods, and the fundamental imbalance in the ecosystem. It is the reason behind the majority of issues.

Genetic modification of crops

The increasing use of chemicals and pesticides has caused a lot of harm to nature. It harms any living creature which feeds on those plants. It includes humans/ animals who eat them directly, insects, and flies that drink their nectar. There are speculations that these chemicals may be leaked into the soil through the roots of genetically modified plants. This pollutes groundwater and also affects microorganisms.


Most of the transportation mediums used today depend on natural fuels to run. These are all non-renewable resources and may soon become exhausted. The burning of these fuels produces greenhouse gases. It also results in air pollution and has, in turn, destroyed a lot of natural habitats. Horns of vehicles also lead to noise pollution.

Natural resource use

Natural resources have been exhausted completely. Rapid industrialization has resulted in greater demand for natural resources. To satisfy these demands, natural resources are exploited beyond control. It has adverse impacts on the environment, such as air pollution and potential energy crises.

Ozone layer depletion

The release of chemicals such as chlorine and bromide results in ozone layer depletion. Even a single atom of these chemicals has the potential to destroy thousands of ozone molecules. 

Ozone is responsible for protecting the Earth’s atmosphere from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. Its depletion has thinned this layer of protection resulting in various diseases such as skin cancer and eye cancer. It also affects plant life and has led to the reduction of plankton in marine environments.



The increasing population has resulted in enormous demands of the land. To meet these demands, forests are being cut extensively. This has resulted in large-scale deforestation. This has led to the loss of habitat, large-scale extinction and has also led to the emission of greenhouse gases. 

Waste production

Research shows that, on average, a person produces 4.3 pounds of waste per day. To dump these wastes, huge areas of land are being converted into landfills. This results in the generation of large amounts of methane which ranks as the worst of the greenhouse gases. This also creates the risk of explosions.  Proper disposal of waste is essential.

Final thoughts about impact of human actions on the environment

The impact of our activities on nature is undeniable, and studies in this field are still going on. This may have catastrophic effects in the future. However, it is still not late. By making adjustments in our lifestyle, we can still redeem ourselves. But time is of the essence, and if we do not act soon, the lives of our future generations will be in danger. 

By Ishita

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