Natural Disaster

What is a Natural Disaster? 

A natural disaster defined as follows:

The significant event, caused by Earth’s natural processes that result in widespread environmental degradation and loss of life.

1) Natural disasters can have life-changing consequences for those who are fortunate enough to survive them.

2) Natural disasters, can have an impact on a neighborhood, a city, a state, or even an entire country. 

3)Even when human settlements are unscathed, natural disasters can have massive environmental consequences.

4) The intensity of the impact, as well as the resilience of the subject.

Natural Disaster
Natural Disaster

Do you know? 

The Sendai Seven campaign focuses on the seven objectives specified in the Sendai Framework. It was created by the United Nations to reduce the number of deaths caused by natural disasters. This framework implemented over seven years (2016-2022), with one year allocated to each of the following goals:

The International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction observed every year on May 1st.

2016: To lessen the number of people who die as a result of natural disasters.

The goal for 2017 is to lessen the number of persons affected.

To reduce economic losses is the goal for 2018.

The goal for 2019 is to limit disaster damage.

By 2020, the number of countries with response strategies will have increased.

Increase international collaboration with developing countries by 2021.

2022: To improve the accessibility of warning systems.

What is the Prominence of a Natural Disaster? 

Natural disasters have always been a part of existence, even before the industrialization of the contemporary world. However, many weather-related natural disasters have arisen as a continuation of the automation of many countries. Changes our industrial activities have conveyed to the environment as well.

Individual Leverage

1) The impact often felt physically, psychologically, and emotionally at the individual level. Natural disasters result in property destruction, financial loss, and personal injury or disease. 

2) In less-developed countries, the loss of resources, security, and access to shelter can result in enormous population migrations.

3) Many people suffer post-traumatic stress disorders or sink into depressive states after experiencing a natural disaster.

Administrations Role

1) The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), is the apex disaster management authority of the country. 

2) The Disaster Management Act of 2005 mandates the establishment of NDMA. and the building of an enabling environment for institutional mechanisms at the State and District levels. 

3) The National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA) is responsible for establishing policies, strategies, and guidelines for disaster management. India wants to cultivate a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, and response.

4) The Indian government works to foster a national determination to reduce the damage caused by natural and human-made damage. This would be done by enlisting the help of all government departments, non-governmental organizations, and citizens.

5) This accomplished through the implementation of a technology-driven, proactive, multi-hazard, and multi-sectoral approach for creating a safer, more disaster-resilient, and dynamic India.

6)The NDMA Logo embodies the National Visions goals of enabling all stakeholders to improve Indian disaster management effectiveness.

7) Policy and Plans, Mitigation, Operations and Communications, Information and Technology, Administrations, are the five major divisions of the NDMA.

Impact of Natural Disaster on the Community

Communities that hit by a natural disaster must also deal with the aftermath of the calamity.

Many local communities have suffered such severe economic losses that rehabilitation is difficult, if not impossible.

In the aftermath of a calamity, some communities see an opportunity to rebuild greater and stronger communities than before. Frequently, communities must recognize population and demography.

Upheavals from Natural Disaster 

Different sorts of catastrophes can radically alter the natural environment, just as natural disasters can transform the landscape of our personal life as well as aspects of our communities. 

Cyclones hit Myanmar in 2008, or wildfires raged across California in 2009, examples of how entire ecosystems severely damaged or destroyed.

On a bigger scale, forecasts of sea-level rise that would entirely engulf some island states are adding to the debate over how to confront global climate change and its inevitable consequences. 

Furthermore, fast desalination of saltwater oceans induced by melting glaciers may deprive the globe of 30% or more of its edible fish supply, as well as coral reef destruction.

What are Natural Disasters Consequences?

Hurricanes, cyclones, earthquakes, mudslides, floods, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, and weather phenomena such as catastrophic droughts and monsoons are all predicted to become more common as a result of climate change. 

Natural Disaster Consequence

These catastrophes bring a slew of concerns with them, including humanitarian, public health, environmental, and infrastructure issues.

Humanitarian Emergencies

Climate change and the natural calamities that have accompanied have resulted in a significant migrating population known as climate refugees or environmental migrants. A rapid natural disaster, such as a tsunami, or a slower-moving natural disaster, such as persistent drought, might push these people out of their homes.

Natural Disaster Concerning Public Health

After a natural disaster, one of the most pressing challenges is health. Water and sanitation systems frequently damaged or unusable, resulting in the safe disposal of human waste fast becoming a public health issue. Furthermore, hand washing and food hygiene quickly deteriorate in the absence of flowing water.

Standing water can be a breeding ground for dangerous bacteria and disease vectors like mosquitos during and after catastrophes like hurricanes and floods. Survivors of natural disasters may be cut off from life-saving pharmaceuticals for both acute and chronic diseases, rescue, and emergency healthcare services if transportation and infrastructure are devastated.

Survivors of natural disasters may suffer from mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress, disorder, or PTSD.

Infrastructural Deterioration

Damage to both public and private infrastructure is one of the most urgent and economically destructive concerns with natural disasters. These disasters cost billions of dollars in damages, and not all governments prepared to support the cleanup and rebuilding process after a disaster.

Furthermore, many private homeowners lack property insurance, and certain natural disasters are not covered by insurance; this means that in the aftermath of a disaster, people may lose all of their assets with no way to recover.

Beyond the acute loss of life and destruction of infrastructure, natural disasters can have long-term detrimental impacts. 

Environmental Management Importance

It is all too easy to overlook the significance of environmental management. Its economic and inherent worth, on the other hand, cannot be overestimated. Environmental management can take place at any scale, from a native prairie garden in a municipal park to large-scale projects like managing enormous wetlands like the Everglades.

What options do we have?

To reduce our vulnerability to future disasters, we must invest urgently in disaster risk reduction. To recently, much of the attention has been on reactive measures, such as humanitarian aid relief and readiness, to deal with rapid onset catastrophes like storms and landslides. Climate change, on the other hand, is to blame for slow-onset disasters like drought.

While emergency measures are necessary in times of tragedy and must be maintained, we must shift from reactive to proactive risk reduction as a global community. Proactive risk reduction investments can help countries prepare for disasters that may be ‘invisible’ until they reach a crisis point, at which point greater resources may be necessary to repair the damage.

Failure to address risk factors now will result in a loss of long-term investments in climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives. Investing in ecosystem management pays off in the long run in terms of climate change resilience.

Better information exchange among humanitarian relief workers, environmentalists, and climate change policymakers, as well as the development of mutually beneficial partnerships and collaborations, are essential to better recognizing nature as a viable catastrophe risk reduction option.

To improve understanding of how natural infrastructure can complement engineered infrastructure, the scientific basis for nature-based catastrophe risk reduction strategies must be developed.

Conclusion

In wildness is the preservation of the world, wrote Thoreau. To achieve the purpose, environmental management methods must be respected and supported. Not just the government, but also as citizens of a state or country, we may share our obligations.

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