Water Crisis

In this blog, we will discuss the water crisis in India, its causes, and how we can save water.

Water Sources in India

The Indian Peninsula surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east. The Indian Ocean in the south, and the Arabian Sea in the west. It is coming to us through various rivers. And in our country, the monsoon is a regular source of water. 

The following are the current sources of water in India:

Sources of water
Sources of water, Source: USGS

Water Demand and Utilisation

With a population of about 136.64 crores people. Huge quantities of water are required daily for personal use.

Since agriculture is the primary source of income for people in India. So water requirements for irrigation and related activities are pretty high. Industries too require large quantities of water for manufacturing-related processes. 

Water usage
Water usage

Water Utilisation across various sectors(Source: Semanticscholar )

The Causes of Water Crisis:

Domestic Utilisation:

According to a World Bank report, the current population of India is 136.64 crores. There has been a rapid increase in it over the past few decades. The continuously growing population has increased pressure on water resources to quench the thirst of all the citizens.

Water for Irrigation

Two-third of the Indian population follow agriculture as an occupation. And this requires vast quantities of water for irrigation and other agriculture activities. That’s why this has led to over-exploitation of existing water resources. 

The monsoon fails to meet the water requirements of farmers. So they use groundwater to fulfill their needs. That’s the reason why groundwater resources depleted year after year.

In an attempt to grow multiple crops in a year, water requirements for irrigation have increased.

Research shows that 89 percent of surface water and 92 percent of groundwater are consuming for agriculture.  

Industries usage increases

Industries require water for the cooling of machines and for various manufacturing processes. Afterward, this water can not used for domestic purposes.

Also, industrial wastes carelessly dumped into water bodies without treatment, making the entire water body unfit for human use.

Water Pollution

Water Pollution
Water Pollution

Microorganisms, chemicals, and other wastes enter lakes, rivers, streams, oceans, and other water bodies. This makes the water unfit for human use.

The majority of rivers in India cross more than one state during their journey from source to sink. That has been the cause of several inter-state disputes.


The increasing urbanization has witnessed the construction of roads/ paths from cement. Cement prevents seepage of rainwater underground. And because of this groundwater resources do not get refilled again.

Measures to Save Water

Water is the primary source of all forms of life. Humans, plants, animals all depend on water for existence. If the degradation and depletion of precious resources continue at the same rate. Then as a result we will soon run out of water resources.

If we want to continue the peaceful existence of life. Then we have to address the alarming issue of water scarcity.

Water Conservation

The time has come that we start using water properly. Even today, tonnes of water wasted daily. This practice must be stopped as soon as possible.

Closing taps when not needed, getting leaking taps repaired, and many tips to save water are there. These are some of the ground-level efforts that every citizen should take. We should try to minimize wastage as much as we can.

Wastewater Management

Water from homes, industries are carelessly dumped into water bodies without proper treatment. However, if it is treated properly, this will not only reduce water pollution but can also be reused.

Reuse and Recycle

Industries can use reclaimed wastewater for cooling purposes and fire fighting. Domestic wastewater after bathing, washing can be reused for gardening. Also, there is enormous scope for water recycling.

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting is the process of storing rainwater. And we can use it in endless ways. It is a low-cost and eco-friendly technique and has various benefits.

It has been in practice for many years. Releasing its advantages, many state governments have made it compulsory to have a rainwater harvesting system in all the new buildings.   

Watershed Management

It refers to the efficient management of surface and groundwater resources.

In a broad sense, it includes conservation, regeneration, and judicious use of all resources – natural (like land, water, plants, and animals) and the human within a watershed.

Many Watershed Development and Management Programs, have been initiated by the Central and the State Governments.  


So we have seen that many parts of our country faced a water crisis. Because gradually we are losing precious resources.

If we did not take the right step at this point, then even quenching our thirst may become a dream in the future. 

So, I hope after reading this blog you will make efforts in saving water.

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